How different are men and women? Many of us were taught as youngsters that there are biological differences between men and women, and that these differences are intimately related. Male and female hormones are primarily responsible for controlling reproductive function as well as secondary sexual traits in their respective gender groups.
The traditional view was that men should be more prone to leading “masculine” lives, and women should be more naturally inclined to “feminine” tasks, because these are immutable scientific differences.
However, we now understand that hormones are extremely complicated. More than 200 hormones are produced by the human body, and they are produced in the same way whether you are a man or a woman. After all, we’re all human.
The difference is in the functionality and dosage.
Despite being societally labelled as “male” and “female” hormones, testosterone and estrogen are generated in both men and women. We tend to associate “masculine” conduct in females with greater testosterone levels, and “feminine” behaviour in males with higher estrogen levels.
Alternatively, there could be additional biases. And it’s all because of some early endocrine misconceptions.
When endocrinologists first attempted to explain the functional distinctions between men and women, both interpersonally and in society, they assumed that men and women had completely different chemical makeups.
That turned out not to be the case.
What they discovered was that testosterone was more prevalent in men than estrogen, and that this is also true in women. Men have higher testosterone levels than women (for the most part).
Much of the subsequent study on these two hormones was conducted under the incorrect idea that testosterone is male and estrogen is female.
Especially in light of how detrimental our treatment of men and women who society labels as “divergent” may be (i.e., men who exhibit traditionally feminine traits and vice versa).
We need to understand the basics of what these hormones do and how they manifest themselves!
Estrogen is a collection of three (major) steroid hormones produced in the ovaries, testes, and adrenal glands that are important for the development and maintenance of the reproductive system in females. The modulation of libido, erectile function, and sperm production in men.
Testosterone is a steroid hormone that is produced in the testes (as well as the ovaries and adrenal glands) and is responsible for muscle growth, facial hair, deep voices, sperm production, regulating the sex drive, and developing sexual organs in males.
However, testosterone receptors can be found all over the body in both men and women. Testosterone affects both men and women’s bones, brains, blood vessels, and hearts.
Men would be just as lost without estradiol (the major type of estrogen) as women would be without testosterone, based on those simple definitions alone.
Myth #1: Only women go through menopause, which starts in their early fifties and is characterised by a decrease in estrogen production.
Truth: Men, too, go through a hormonal transition termed andropause.
Hormonal shifts can now happen at any time during a man’s or woman’s life. However, it is regarded abnormal for men and women to not go through andropause or menopause. Men naturally produce less testosterone during andropause, which results in tiredness, hair loss, and decreased sex desires (on average — hormones affect everyone differently due to their reliance on lifestyle factors).
Myth #2: Aggression, physical prowess, and “leadership” qualities are all attributed to testosterone.
Truth: In fact, there is proof that Estrogen causes more violence than testosterone.
Most of the research on testosterone and violence is based on faulty assumptions. It portrays the predominantly white male ruling elite as tenacious and determined, while simultaneously degrading non-white men as aggressive.
In numerous research on athleticism, testosterone levels were found to have a negative relationship with athletic performance, implying that the less testosterone present, the better the female athlete performed.
Myth #3: Thyroid hormone production problems are primarily a female concern.
Truth: Thyroid problems impact men in about 20% of cases.
Thyroid problems can include mood swings, hair loss, fatigue, weight gain, sexual dysfunction, and depression. Traditional doctors rarely consider the thyroid as a possible source of these problems in men.
Without both hormones, neither sex can function correctly, and neither hormone is responsible for making either sex better or worse in traditionally gendered applications. Men and women do have distinctions that do not need to be explained.
The “female” and “male” hormones, on the other hand, don’t define much more than your body’s ability to accomplish specific biological duties.